● Mica collection is the primary source of livelihood in the region so there is a lack of options to earn a living

● Adults are not paid adequately for the mica collected by them so they involve their children to make ends meet

● It is difficult to identify if the mica being sold is procured through illegal means

● Due to the nonavailability of livelihood options, trafficking of children is common in the region

● The unavailability of teachers in schools near the villages leads to high dropout rates and the involvement of children in collecting mica

● Basic facilities like clean water and mid-day meals are also not available in many schools, which contributes to the dropout rate

● Lack of infrastructure including toilets and proper roads connecting the villages to schools is also a major reason for high dropout rates

● Lack of awareness amongst villagers regarding the ill effects of child labour and government welfare schemes

● The Naxalite challenge leads to slowed growth and development in the region

About Child-Friendly Villages

The Bal Mitra Gram™ (BMG™) or Child-Friendly Village is a one-stop solution for holistic child protection. The four pillars of BMG are:

We ensure there is no child labour, child trafficking, or child marriage in the Child-Friendly Villages

All children receive compulsory and quality education

Child leadership is established through Bal Panchayats (Children’s Councils)

Bal Panchayats (Children’s Councils) receive recognition from the Gram Panchayats (Village Councils)

Our Interventions

Since 2005, KSCF has been working with the Gram Panchayat, local and district administrations and the community in Koderma and Giridih districts of Jharkhand for child-centric community development including withdrawal of children from labour and ensuring access to quality education to them. The selected villages for this intervention are well known for their rich reserve of mica mineral where many children are involved in collecting mica. The villages are situated in the interior parts of the districts surrounded by forests and are almost 100% dependent on revenue from mica collection.

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Impact Over the Years

With constant efforts, KSCF was able to make the following impact over the years:

Creation of 501 Child-Friendly Villages in the mica region of Bihar & Jharkhand

Withdrawal of 12,481 children from child labour

Empowerment of 2,74,653 community members

Protection of 1,01,357 children from child labour, trafficking, and child marriage

Enrollment of 27,525 out-of-school/dropped-out children in schools

Prevention of 406 child marriages

14,311 child leaders involved in decisions related to village development

27,711 households/individuals linked with government socio-economic welfare schemes

2,248 infrastructures constructed/repaired in schools and villages

Provision of 1.5 million meals during the COVID-19 lockdown

Ed-tech support for 4,250 children during school lockdown

Awards and Recognition

Champa Kumari

Champa Kumari from Jamdar Village in Jharkhand received the Diana Award - 2019 for Young People and was honoured by former Governor of Jharkhand and current President of India, Ms Draupadi Murmu, for her work in preventing child labour in mica mining

Neeraj Murmu

Neeraj Murmu, former child labourer and youth group leader in a Bal Mitra Gram™ in Jharkhand received the Diana Award - 2020 for Young People, for championing the cause of education

Radha Pandey

In 2021, the Koderma district administration declared Radha Pandey from Madhuban Panchayat as the Brand Ambassador against child marriage

Join the Movement

Help eradicate child labour and exploitaton in mica mining